Bread is one of the most preferred meal options all over the world. Indians too consume a lot of bread whether as a snack, a side or a full-fledged breakfast dish. One thing however that needs to be taken into account is which bread is being consumed.
Not all bread is nutritious and good for your health. The market is flooded with bread varieties. However the ones that are most often consumed are either white or brown. A lot of people over the years haven’t been able to decide which one is better. That’s mainly because they are confused what is the difference?
The white bread is white because the flour gets processed many times before it is turned into the final product. During this process the flour loses all the germ and bran. We are left with the starch white substance.
Whereas the brown bread consists of all the parts of the flour including the germ and bran. This makes if full of fiber and nutrients and extremely healthy for consumption.
Whole wheat brown bread has a “nutritional advantage” over white bread, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. This is because brown breads made from whole wheat usually contain more fiber than white bread, as well as greater amounts of important nutrients such as vitamins B-6 and E, magnesium, folic acid, copper, zinc and manganese. Depending on the brand, however, this may not be the case, because many white breads come fortified with vitamins and fiber. White bread usually contains more calcium than brown bread. However, many manufacturers now fortify brown bread with calcium
Multigrain bread contains different types of grains and seeds. However, this does not mean that all multigrain breads are nutrient-rich.
Multigrain bread is nutrient-rich if the flour is milled from grains that are indeed 100 per cent whole grain or 100 per cent whole wheat, and the bread is not made from white or enriched white flour.
Adding sunflower seeds, raw flax seeds, rolled oats and barley gives the bread texture and some health benefits, but if these grains are refined and have had the bran and germ removed, the nutritional value is still essentially the same as white bread.
Bread Buying - Rule of Thumb
To ensure maximum nutrition and minimal additives, look for the bread product that contains the fewest number of ingredients. This, together with the presence of whole wheat or whole meal flour, is a sign that you are buying the healthiest bread available.